Brian Carroll Deano Geahr Nick Adams

We saw these elk on our way around the snowey Grand Canyon. The Guide taught us about how the river carved out the canyon walls with erosion over a period of millions of years. The Canyon was wide at this piont and the clods and snow made it hard to see the bottom or other side. After the hike we took a bus to a photographer of the Grand Canyon's house and looked around. (below) We learned that the Canton had layers of rock and it was under the sea at one time. We learned that the canyon was over ten miles wide in places and a mile deep. We also learned about the rapids on the Colorado River and how much strongert they were than other rapids. The only thing that yOu could find complainableabout this hike is the cold! There were some interesting pionts on this hike and one of them was a monument to John Wesley Powell. I thoght that this was really cool to stand at the edge of a cliff for once. Because you only then realize your fear of hieghts! IMG_0154.jpg
Fossil.jpgThis is Limestome with fossilized shells in it this is formed under the sea you can tell by the sea fossils.IMG_0125.jpgThis is us in the middle of the hike around the rim.
IMG_0166.jpgA house that belonged to someone that photographed the Canyon.
Us standing at the edge of the Grand Canyon. Our hands are red from throwing snowballs.

This is the canyon and some trees coverd in snow. This was not part of the hike but we stopped to sightsee and throw snowballs at our friends.
IMG_0219.jpgUs just before boarding the boat. We are Excited to be here.

is a view of the tunnel that was made to let cars drive down to the Gen Canyon Dam. The hole in the wall was used to push out the mined rocks so that the miners didn't need to haul them up and down the tunnel to dump them. When the miners met up they were only off by about 18in!
This is the Canyon wall at the beginning of our trip it is at 700ft but at the end it will be at 1400ft as the canyon grows deeper. The black stuff on the wall is called Deset Varnish and it forms on the side of the canyon wall. The Colorado River is about 80ft deep at the deepest piont on this trip and is only about 40 degrees. The canyon walls are several hundred feet apart. When a young artist came here to draw a picture he shot a gun and it took 24sec for the echo to sound off the canyon walls. EchoPeak.JPG(below)cone_wall.jpg
This is another picture of the canyon walls.
This is a Great Blue hearing that we saw on a rock in the middle of the Colorado River. I think that this was the best part of the trip because it shows the canyon p close and lets you feel how it feels to see it for the first time.
This is an interesting outcropping of rock that is called Fingers Piont because it looks like a pinting finger.

Indian_Ruins.JPGThis was definatley one of the highlights of the trip. we went to Wupatki National Monument and saw the Indian Ruins. We thought that this was really cool because some of our teachers might have helped build it (Yeah Right!). We could see how thw indian life was lived and how they developed their culture. These Indians just built ther houses right off each others (mostly family). They used a type of moarter and red rock to build theri houses. they picked a spot that they could see their enemies if they were coming and that they could farm on. There is only one petroglyph that has been uncoverd at this site.Snake.JPG
A snake Petroglyph. This was probrobly once at eye level, but over the years erosion and the forces of nature buried parts of the underlying rock.
Indians made petroglyphs by breaking little bits of the rock off untill they managed to create an indentaion in the rock that was meant to be a picture.
This is called the blowhole it is a natural pace wher the earth seems to breath. it is cool in the summer and warm in the winter. We do not know how deep it is.

This is the Indians ball court the black rocks are probrobly for decoration.

This is the indians ball court the Black rocks are most likely for decoration.

This is a picture of sunset crater. I know that Iam Excited to see the volcanoe and volcanic rocks that are scatterd around the site. It has blackened siol all around it because of the ash. I only wish we were allowed in the lava caves. We learned that if you fall you get cut vey easily and that the volcanoe has not errupted for some time. Some trees are groing here after the lava hardened. It was interesting to learn how lava can harden over the graound and have flowing lava underneath it to create a lava river cave. Sunset crater is 1,00ft high and a mile at the base (diameter).
This is a boarded up lava cave that I wish I could explore but can't. There was some slippery ice so it was hard to get in and out. A word of advice is dont bonk your head because it hurts!
This is a picture of sunset crater info.